"The assumptions you would have had in the past like telling students to go away and read the book or write the essay, are no longer there," she said. "Universities are becoming more like schools in teaching style, and that removes a lot of the intellectual challenge."
Baroness Alison Wolf, a cross-bench peer and professor of public policy at King’s College London, said that while British universities are relatively well-funded, their American competitors have “been spending more and more” in recent years.
"If we are slipping through the ranks it is partly that other countries are pouring money into higher education," she said. "Governments all over the world are obsessed with the idea of having world class universities."
The top ten universities according to QS World University Rankings 2018
1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 麻省理工学院
2 Standford University 斯坦福大学
3 Harvard University 哈佛大学
4 California Institute of Technology 加州理工学院
5 University of Cambridge 剑桥大学
6 University of Oxford 牛津大学
7 University College London 伦敦大学学院
8 Imperial College London 伦敦大学帝国理工学院
9 University of Chicago 芝加哥大学
10 Eth Zurich (Swiss Federal Institution of Technology) 瑞士苏黎世联邦理工学院