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大本钟的趣闻

5分钟英语听力 2021-04-04 06:02:07

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The Big Ben is located in the tower at the eastern end of the Houses of Parliament, Westminster,Greater London. It was designed by Edmund Beckett and Baron Grimthorpe.

  大本钟在伦敦威斯敏斯特英自治领会议院的最东边。它的设计者是埃德蒙·贝克特和拜伦·格里姆索普。

The Big Ben is very famous throughout the world, but nobody really knows why it is called Big Ben. There are two hear says about this. Some people say that it was named after Benjamin Caunt, a boxer, who was called Big Ben. More people believe it was called after Welshman, Sir Benjamin Hall. He was the commissioner of the work at the time of its installation in 1859.

  大本钟在世界上家喻户晓,但实际上没有多少人知道为何它叫大本钟。关于这个问题有两个传言:有人认为它是从一个叫做本杰明·考特的拳击家而来。更多人认为它以一个威尔士人——本杰明·霍尔先生的名字命名的。他是安装工程的监督者。

A story was told that during a debate iin the Commons on what to call the bell, Sir Benjamin was about to give his ideas when a MP who sat behind the front bench shouted, "Let's call it Big Ben!" Then this name came into being.

  在经过在下议院讨论中应该叫什么名字后,本杰明先生准备给出结果时,一位在前凳后的国会议员喊道:我们叫它大本!”于是这个名字就诞生了。

The bell hasn't gone through a smooth road since the beginning of its design. Because there was great disagreement about the design of the clock, it took fifteen years to build. In 1857, the bell was completed and tested on theground, but a four-foot crack appeared and the bell had to be cast again.Finally, the clock started ticking on 31 May, 1859, and struck its first chimeon 11, July.

  从大本钟的设计到建造结束,这个钟诞生的道路就荆棘满途。因为当时关于这个钟的设计大家有着很大的分歧,建造它就用了15年。1857年,大本钟完工,并在地上做了测试。但是当钟要挂上去时,4尺长的裂缝就出现了。1859531日,大钟的指针终于开始移动并在711日进行了它的第一次报时。

Then in September, the bell cracked again. It was silent for four years but was eventually turned a quarter of a revolution. In this way, the crack was not under the striking hammer. Craftsmen made a square above the crack to stop it graving longer and it can still be seen today.

  然而在九月份的时候,钟又裂开了。它沉静了四年,直到在革命后裂缝终于被转了一个角。这样,裂缝就不在敲钟槌的下面。工匠在裂缝上做了一个方框,以此来阻止裂缝的延长,所以现在我们还能看到它。

The Big Ben is famous not only for its 13-ton weight, but also for its accuracy which is a result of its precise mechanism. Even one extra penny's weight on the balance will cause a gain of two fifths of a second in twenty four hours. Although there have been several problem, the bell is still striking today. Its chimes can be heard all over the world on the B.B.C.

  大本钟闻名全球不仅仅因为它的13吨重量,还因为它的精准——那是因为它严谨的机械结构。在平衡上增添额外的一便士重量都会造成每24小时多五分之二秒的后果。尽管有过几次故障,直到今天大钟仍然在报时。它的钟鸣会通过B.B.C.广播电台传遍全球。

  注释:

1. be located in位于;坐落于

  例句:Belgium is located in the heart of Europe. It is the place where the EU headquarters is.

  比利时地处欧洲心脏,是欧盟总部所在地,目前是欧盟轮值主席国。

2. smooth adj. 顺利的;光滑的;平稳的

  例句:If you touch them they feel smooth and soft.

  如果你触摸它们,会感到很柔软很光滑。

大西客运专线

3. eventually adv. 最后,终于

  例句:The two people eventually paired off last year.

  去年这二位年轻人终于结婚了。

 


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