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你有进入世界一流名校的潜力吗?来做个测试吧~

瑞思达IELTS 2018-12-06 10:04:43

除了必备的超高GPA以及语言成绩,名校招生官更加注重学生的开放思维能力。至于哪些能力嘛,不如来看看哈佛大学的入学测试题,测测看你有没有名校潜力。



哈佛大学面试官最经典的一句话就是:


We aren’t interested in how much you know. We are interested in how you think. So the questions asked in interviews are never quite straightforward.


嗯,有没有觉得这句话本身就是一道深奥的辩题,何况,一个人只有know了很多东西之后才能培养自己think的能力吧。

 

不过哈佛大学貌似自己也觉得解释得有点抽象,所以特意列举了五个不同学科的面试题目,向大家具体阐述一下什么叫“会思考”。


So, can you impress the University of Oxford scholars? Give the questions a go.


建议大家先看题目,自己试一试多角度分析一下,然后再看面试官们针对题目的解释分析哦!


Five examples of Oxford University interview questions


1.    Modern languages (French): 

What makes a novel or play ‘political’?


2.    Medicine: 

About 1 in 4 deaths in the UK is due to some form of cancer, yet in the Philippines the figure is only around 1 in 10. What factors might underlie this difference?


3.    PPE (philosophy courses): 

What exactly do you think is involved in blaming someone?



如果你连题目都看不懂,不要灰心,很多人都一样……



Answers and explanations



1. Modern languages (French): 

What makes a novel or play ‘political’?


Helen Swift, an interviewer at St Hilda’s College, explains: “In posing the overall question ‘what makes this political?’ we’d want the candidate to start thinking about what one means in applying the label: what aspects of a work does it evoke? Is it a judgement about content or style? Could it be seen in and of itself as a value judgment? How useful is it as a label? What if we said that all art is, in fact, political? What about cases where an author denies that their work is political, but critics assert that it is – is it purely a question of subjective interpretation?”


Dr Swift also says that a candidate would not be penalised for changing their mind during the course of the conversation, so long as they showed a willingness and ability to engage with difficult and new ideas.

 

回答这道法语现代语言学考题,简单来讲,面试者首先要对“political”这个词有自己的见解。


比如,被贴上“political”这个标签是由于作品风格有政治色彩或倾向性还是内容包含政治事件的描写?这是个事实判断还是个价值判断?什么原因会导致作者与评论家在定性一部作品的时候意见相左?


在你回答这个问题时,首先要思考这些潜在性前提条件。而面试官最期待的也就是你思考问题的角度是否够独特新颖。



2. Medicine: 

About 1 in 4 deaths in the UK is due to some form of cancer, yet in the Philippines the figure is only around 1 in 10. What factors might underlie this difference?


Chris Norbury, an interviewer at The Queen’s College, says: “This is a typically open question, with no single ‘correct’ answer.”


He explains: “Some candidates will ask useful clarifying questions, such as ‘Where do these data come from, and how reliable are they?’, or ‘What is the average life expectancy in these parts of the world?’. Some candidates will seize on the idea that various aspects of the typical lifestyle in the UK are inherently unhealthy, which can make for an interesting discussion in itself. Others, especially if they appreciate that life expectancy in the Philippines is substantially lower than in the UK, will realise that other causes of death are more common in the developing world, and that this is the major factor that gives rise to the difference alluded to in the question.”


Considering these questions, according to Professor Norbury, displays your problem-solving, critical thinking, communication skills and other capabilities that are integral to the Oxford tutorial format of teaching.


这是一道医学考题,不过貌似不懂医学的也能试试。嗯,又是个无对错开放题。面试官首先考察的的是你的critical thinking的能力以及对待学术问题时谨慎的态度。


比如你可以怀疑这个数据的来源、可靠性以及调查的sample的覆盖范围等。也可以解释为由于发展中国家人民的平均寿命较短并且由其它原因引起的死亡率较高,因此影响了统计结果。当然,如果你认为数据真实可靠,英国人的unhealthy lifestyle就是元凶也是OK的。总之没有正确答案的题,你能言之有理即可。



3. PPE (philosophy courses): 

What exactly do you think is involved in blaming someone?


Ian Phillips, an interviewer at St Anne’s College, says: “With a question like this, we’re not looking for a right answer but instead whether the candidate can be creative in coming up with examples and suggestions, and can think critically and carefully through their implications.”


He continues: “So, for example, many candidates start out by suggesting that for A to blame B, A would have to think that B had done something wrong. Many also make the point that B needn’t actually have done anything wrong.


“We can use this opening suggestion to consider a simple theory of blame: blame is just thinking that someone has done something wrong. When this is put to candidates, most recognise that blame seems to involve more than this.


“This shows their capacity to evaluate a proposal, and we’ll typically ask them to illustrate their verdict with a counter-example: a case where someone thinks someone has done something wrong but doesn’t blame them. Candidates will then be encouraged to offer and test out more sophisticated proposals about the nature of blame.


“Some might suggest that blame involves a more complex judgement than just that someone has done something wrong. Others instead might argue that real blame requires feelings of some kind on the part of the blamer: anger, or resentment, for example. And again, we can put these proposals to the test by looking for counter-examples.


A good interview, according to Professor Phillips, will throw out revealing examples that show a candidate’s capacity for analytical thought.


先科普一下PPE专业(Philosophy, Politics and Economics)在一百多年前由英国牛津大学贝利奥尔学院创立。最初是对当时比较和现代社会脱节的古典学的一个延伸,因此也被称为“现代古典学”。嗯,这是一段读完也一头雾水的科普。


至于这道题,是一道……哲学题。仔细读完这段长篇大论,简单总结成一句话就是:A指责B是因为A觉得B做错了什么,但实际上B不一定做错了什么,A会指责B也可能是出于愤怒或者憎恨等主观情绪。因为还有种反例是A觉得B做错了什么但A却没有指责B……


那个……学姐的逻辑思维能力只能到这了,有人需求更高深莫测的部分,大家就自己看原文体会吧,反正这题又是没有对错的……



That’s all for today! 看了哈佛的面试题,你有什么想法?感受到了自我与学霸的差距还是对这些考题跃跃欲试呢?实际上现在很多国内学校的自主招生,考研面试乃至于500强公司的面试都会效仿世界一流大学的特色面试题目。因此小伙伴们最好在平时多多积累creative thoughts以及critical thinking的能力哦。