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牛津大学PPE专业- 我的面试题(1)

GuruMeUK 2018-04-22 10:41:08
博文/牛剑面试/PPE
作者介绍
 Luke
2013届牛津大学PPE专业 
我于2016年7月毕业于牛津大学,哲学、政治学和经济学成绩都是high 2:1。我现在在芝加哥大学攻读社会科学硕士学位,并且拿了奖学金。


Transcript

文字本
Hi, my names Luke Charters-Reid. I just graduated from Asheville college, Oxford University with a degree in philosophy politics and economics. I'm now pursuing a Master’s at the University of Chicago where I’ll be majoring in politics. In this video I'll give you a quick idea of the type of questions that could be asked during an Oxford interview.
嗨我是Luke Charters Reid。我刚刚从牛津大学,Asheville学院哲学、政治与经济学专业毕业,我现在正在申请芝加哥大学政治学专业的硕士。这个视频中我会简要介绍一下牛津大学面试中可能出现的问题。
To start with in this video, we’ll look at the style of politics question that may be asked. For example, if you have referenced a particular current event in your personal statement, your interview might start with a quick discussion on that.
首先我们来看看可能问到的政治学问题。如果你在个人陈述中提到了时下的某个事件,你的面试开始可能就会对它进行一个讨论。
For instance, if I wrote about the constitutional implications of Britain leaving the European Union, I may be asked about how I think the renegotiation process is likely to unfold, or maybe asked whether I anticipate Brexit as creating an impetus for a second referendum on Scottish independence. However, your interview may be focused on political science or political theory, and you maybe set a little problem to work through that. And so I’ll give you a little bit of a problem to work through. The kind of mixes these two strands of political signs and political theory.
例如,如果我写了英国脱欧的宪政意义,那么我有可能被问到,重新谈判过程可能如何展开,或者我是否认为英国脱欧为苏格兰独立公投的再次进行制造了一个契机。然而,你的面试也有可能集中在政治科学或政治理论,你也可能需要解决一些问题。我会给你们一些问题,这些问题综合了政治符号和理论两方面。
So let’s take an imaginary country and that’s called Dragonstone. So in this country citizens have settled tasks, and they have set jobs by the government. They’re not allowed to own their own property; they cannot speak out against the way the country is being run; they do, however, get to elect a president, but this is only every eight years. There is a choice of candidates although, the candidates have to be friendly towards the regime to be eligible to stand. So the question that I’d like you to answer and work through is whether or not this country Dragonstone is, in fact, a democracy.
我们虚构一个国家,称它为龙石国。在这个国家中,公民都有固定的任务:他们都做政府安排的工作;他们不能拥有个人财产;他们也不能发出针对国家治理方式的言论;然而他们可以选总统,但是这每八年才进行一次。有选举候选人,但是他们必须服从整体,以获得选举资格。所以我想让你来回答的问题是,这个龙石国是否是一个民主国家。
So what we’re going to want to try and do, is to break this down and to try to defend our own conception of what the essence of democracy is. So in an initial attempt to answering the question may involve something like, oh it's clearly democracy as they can choose the presidents. But as we can see, this seems like an overly simplistic answer. For example, the president might have no powers to enact legislation, or maybe constantly overruled by an unelected Senate for instance. Furthermore, we might be weary that only friends of the regime can run for president. We might want to ask the interviewers some questions about how the electoral franchise works in Dragonstone...
所以我们要做的就是,把这个问题分解,来维护我们自己的理解和认识:民主的本质是什么。尝试着去回答这个问题。最初我们可能认为,很显然这是一个民主的国家,因为人民可以选择自己的总统。但是我们会发现这个回答太过于简单了。比如,总统很可能没有权力来制定法律,或者可能马上就被比如说一位参选失败的参议员给推翻。此外,我们可能厌倦了只有统治者的亲友才能竞选总统。我们可能想问面试官一些问题,问一些关于选举权在龙石国是怎运作的问题。。。
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