欧洲自由行费用协会

你好呀,读博吗 | 英国博士申请指南③

你好呀亲爱的玛玛玛 2019-06-21 04:01:48


终于终于写到最后一弹啦,话不多说,这一篇文章主要关于“如何写好学术CV和PS”。


相对于非常非常非常重要的proposal来说,学术CV(个人简历)和PS(个人陈述)其实没有很难写。


Again, CV和PS都没有统一的格式,没有!!


好啦好啦,进入正题。


如何写一封学术CV?



学术CV和一般的简历其实没有特别大的区别,就是你过去人生的一个简介。主要包括几个部分:education background(教育背景)、work/internship experience(工作或实习经历)、extracurricular activities(课外活动)、hornor and awards(奖励),如果你有出版过文章还可以加一个publication(出版物)。下面举个栗子(我本科不是宁波大学的,我就举个例子,就举个例子!)。



 EDUCATION





这一部分主要注意以下几点:

  • 写名字的时候你可以这么写,如果你叫陈信宏,你可以写MR XINHONG CHEN(姓和名都大写加粗),也可以写成MR CHEN Xinhong(姓和名都加粗,但是只有姓大写)。

  • EDUCATION加粗大写(国外都喜欢这么干)。

  • 记得用项目符号分点写。

  • 先写本科教育背景,再写硕士背景,把GPA和毕业排名写上并且加粗

  • 一般就写本科学校、专业、主要课程、毕业论文题目就行。




WORK EXPERIENCE





这个部分应该注意一下几点:

  • 在公司的下一行用斜体写上你做的是part-time还是internship。如果你是在小企业实习或者兼职,可以在公司的下一行解释一下这个企业是做什么的,比如:private training school for Chinese primary and secondary school students,同样是斜体

  • 时间倒序列示。

  • 不要用第一人称写,尽可能用动词的过去式或者ing形式描述你的实习涵盖的工作。



EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES





这个部分需要注意以下几点:

  • 先写你在这项课外活动中担任的角色,再写你的工作职责包括什么,同样不能用第一人称的方式,用过去式或者ing形式来描述

  • 校内校外的课外活动都能写,你参加过的项目啦,学生会啦,志愿者啦,各种。


 HORNOR AND AWARDS





这个部分需要注意以下几点:

  • 列几个重要的奖项就好,越重大的奖项越应该放在前面。

  • 同样的奖项得过多次的,用数字表示就行,不用重复列示。



PUBLICATION


如果你有曾经发表的文章或者专利,可以写在这个部分。发表的文章就按照“文献参考”的格式写,专利就写清楚是什么专利,什么时候申请的就行。




如何写一封学术PS?



个人陈述也没有固定的格式,我就拿自己当时写的PS举个栗子,给大家参考一下。如果身边有学术大牛申请过欧美国家的PhD,真的真的可以问他们借来看看,参考参考,一定会比我写的好很多。那么我们一段段来吧。



1
第一段

第一段是基本的介绍,说明自己要申请的是某学校的博士项目,准备什么时候入学,并且在申请博士项目之前,在某某学校获得了本科学位、研究生学位


I am applying for acceptance into the postgraduate research program for a Doctoral degree in (你要申请的专业) in the University of(你要申请的大学). I plan to begin my study in the fall of(你打算什么时候开始). Before my application for Ph.D., I have obtained my Bachelor’s Degree of (本科学位)at (本科大学)University with GPA(本科毕业成绩), and finished my Master of Science in (硕士学位)at the University of (硕士大学)with(硕士成绩). As being affected by XXX(受到什么影响), I have been interested in (开始对XX领域有兴趣)since I was a teenager.



2
第二段

第二段介绍的是本科的学习经历、参加过的项目为今后的学术生涯奠定了什么基础。一定要和博士项目有一定的联系。


My intense interest, coupled with my hard work, in academic studies paid off. In 2011, I entered Business School majoring in Financial Management. (介绍一下自己的专业)The compulsory and elective courses there were concentrated mainly in (课程主要涵盖哪些领域), and these professional courses allowed me to lay good foundation of academic knowledge(这些专业课程给了我很好的学术基础知识). In addition to courses of accounting and financial management, I took one and half years to participate into a university innovative project, leading by an accounting professor to do the research about ………………..(除了课程学习,还参加了相关的项目研究) This was the first time I got involved in …….. Although there were no courses about ………….. in the curriculum of ……….., I did study the background knowledge of the project with my teammates(虽然主要课程里没有涵盖该领域相关的内容,但是还是和小组成员一起在课外学习研究项目的相关知识). In this project, we applied case studies as the approach. ………….(说一下自己的研究方法和研究过程,以体现自己能够独立研究)The experience of doing project allowed me to be trained for further research.(参加项目为我将来做研究打下了基础) Overall, during my undergraduate, I worked very hard, and the efforts were finally rewarded. I obtained 7 scholarships at Ningbo University, and I was recommended for admission to be a postgraduate with the third highest academic ranking among 76 students in my major(最后再提一下在本科阶段的成绩,好成绩说明你是个爱学习的好学生).



3
第三段

第三段介绍一下研究生阶段的经历,以及其会对博士研究阶段所带来的影响。


After obtaining my Bachelor’s degree in 2015, I went to United Kingdom for my further education. I did my Master in the University of ………., majoring in …………. Courses of …………., such as Quantitative Methods, allowed me to have proper math training, and the quantitative approaches I learned from this course increased my confidence to do individual research project for my Master dissertation.(提到一些研究生阶段的学习给我带来了数学方面的训练)……………As shown, I am a person who can make study serve the practical purpose(提一下自己是一个能够学以致用/理论和实际能结合的人). Over the individual research, I encountered many difficulties along the way, such as lack of data, establishing proper statistical models and interpreting results, but I surely understood that it was inevitable in the academic research(提一下自己做研究时遇到的困难,并说明明白这是学术研究里不可避免的). To find solutions for the problems, I sought the data in various database, such as GTARSC and Bloomberg, and I also read books and statistical materials to learn how to correctly examine the regression models. Additionally, I compared prior studies with my findings and figured out potential explanation for the results, since I understood that all innovative and objective research should be based on previous studies. (说明自己是如何解决做研究时碰到的困难的,把解决的方法列举出来)It could be said that it was literally my first time to do individual research on what I was interested in. However, I know that I still have a long way to go until I can conduct completely independent research, and an experience of being a Ph.D will help me become a better researcher.(结尾说一下虽然能稍微做一些学术研究,但是还需要更多的训练,所以需要申请PhD



4
第四段

第四段简要地说明一下为什么选择这个专业和这个学校。



5
第五段

第五段一般描述的是“为什么自己会是个合格的博士研究生候选人”。


To be a qualified candidate, I have done my best to lay a solid foundation. My academic achievements prove that I have the capability of self-learning, which is crucial over doctoral research period. (学术成就说明我有自学的能力,这种能力在博士研究阶段是非常重要的)The projects I did in my Bachelor and Master demonstrate that I have the problem-solving ability, which is essential when facing bottleneck of study.(参加过的项目体现了我有解决问题的能力,这种能力在博士研究遇到瓶颈时也很重要) Also, a popular activity about living efficiently and time management I found online shows I have skill to manage my time, and it is important for a Ph.D when completing research.(我所组织的某项活动,体现了我有时间管理的能力,这种能力在完成博士研究过程中很重要) Since I want to study ……… The college project, which was about ………, I did over my Bachelor allows me to have relevant foundation of …….., and the project dissertation I did for my Master let me have deeper understanding on ……... In other words, I have motivation to finish my research and have done some preparation for the topic. (以前参与的项目让我做好了一些学术研究的准备)Additionally, I surely understand that being a Ph.D is not only for a doctoral degree, but also a process of identifying and solving problems in the economic society. Moreover, the ability of independent thinking and analysis training over doctoral program will allow me to be a professional financial analyst for my future career.


结束。


看吧,没有多难的,就是普普通通的一篇PS,尽量地让自己的经历和以后要研究的东西产生联系,这非常非常重要。还有一点就是,千万别谦虚,不要写得很隐晦,不要让导师去猜“这个可能是个还不错的候选人”,要让导师觉得“就是这个学生了”。



Q & A


1. 这篇博士申请的PS可以作为研究生申请的参考吗?

可以,但是研究生申请的PS一般要求字数很少,400字最多了。所以研究生申请时的PS更加应当简明扼要。


2. PS都基本上是这样的格式吗?

不一定啊,每个人的经历不一样,写出来的个人陈述会不一样,但是要体现出你是个“合适的候选人”。


3.  PS, CV, PROPOSAL导师主要看哪个呢?

我觉得会先简单地浏览一下你的CV和成绩单,判断一下基本的条件你是否达到了,然后再看你的proposal。


好啦,今天先到这里~有什么可以给我留言哦~