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这些烧脑的牛津大学面试题,你和孩子能答出几道?

考满分留学家长圈 2019-05-02 13:21:19

世界名校的面试题远不止脑筋急转弯的程度



这些烧脑的牛津大学面试题,

你和孩子能答出几道?

共计2610个字 |  建议阅读:3分钟 作者:佚名

先来看名校面试常见问题


首先,你需要知道,面试官问这些问题要考察的是:


➤whether you have the maturity to speak clearly

➤whether you can be comfortable even in a nerve-wracking situation

➤whether you can look them in the eye, smile, chat, have a solid “adult” conversation on an adult level

➤whether you are clear in terms of who you are at this point in your life and where you want to go



好了,接下来,面试通常会问这几个问题。


1What are you interested in studying in college?


问什么

这个问题问的是你的学术计划,以及未来的职业方向和兴趣,包括你的背景和个性等。


如何作答

选择一门学科,并说出为什么。要有明确的目标和方向,不要含糊不清。



2What high school accomplishment are you most proud of?


问什么

这个问题除了能展现你的强项以外,还能透露出你的人生追求,让面试官更加全面地了解你。


如何作答

讲述自己的成就时要表现出热情和积极的一面,让面试官知道你是一个有激情的年轻人,这一点很重要。


3Tell me about your family background? Where did you grow up?


问什么

通过这个问题,面试官想了解的是,你是在怎样的环境中成长起来的,在社会上属于怎样一类人,更重要的是了解你对自己的成长背景的感受和看法。


如何作答

如实作答,多谈谈你自己,千万别只答一句话。


4What is an example of something difficult you've had to go through, or an important event perhaps that took place in your life in the last few years? 


问什么

这个问题问的是你是谁、你有怎样的价值观,对你来说最重要的是什么。面试官想了解你是怎样一个人,你和他人的关系等。


如何作答

回答这一题时,要自信地说出你的故事。同时也要展示出一种自省的态度,要反映出你在思考这些经历。不要回答得太简短。


5Why Harvard or Why Princeton? or Why Columbia? …


问什么

这一题问的是你对学校的了解。


如何作答

回答这一题前要做好功课,查查各学校的特色。作答时应主要谈该校在学术方面对你特别有吸引力的项目、课程、老师等等,但也不要局限于学业方面,也可以谈谈学校的氛围、课外活动等等,展示你是一个爱好广泛积极热情的人。


以下是牛津大学面试题


生物科学 Biological Sciences

▌Ladybirds are red. So are strawberries. Why?



✩ 解答提示:常见的动植物是非常普遍的考点,这道题主要考察你的思辨能力。


Red can signal either 'don't eat me' or 'eat me' to consumers. I'm interested in seeing how applicants attempt to resolve this apparent paradox.


计算机科学 Computer Science

▌How do pirates divide their treasure?



A group of 7 pirates has 100 gold coins. They have to decide amongst themselves how to divide the treasure, but must abide by pirate rules:


The most senior pirate proposes the division.


All of the pirates (including the most senior) vote on the division. If half or more vote for the division, it stands. If less than half vote for it, they throw the most senior pirate overboard and start again.


The pirates are perfectly logical, and entirely ruthless (only caring about maximizing their own share of the gold).


So, what division should the most senior pirate suggest to the other six?


✩ 解答提示:这是道标准的逻辑考题,同时教授们还将注重你解决问题和沟通能力。


I like to see how students can take directions, and if they can break problems into smaller subsets, and work through a complex concept applying a solution in an algorithmic way.  If students have any questions, I want them to ask – not to sit in silence feeling stuck!


经济管理 Economics and Management

▌Do bankers deserve the pay they receive? And should government do something to limit how much they get?


✩ 解答提示:这道题反映了一个非常现实的金融问题,解题关键是从经济学角度解读收入,而非考虑公平性问题。


A simple answer might be that since banks are generally private firms and workers are free to work where they wish, then the pay they receive is just the outcome of a competitive labour market.



英国文学 English Literature

▌JK Rowling has published a book for adults after the hugely successful Harry Potter series. In what ways do you think that writing for children is different to writing for adults?



✩ 解答提示:没读过这本书也不用慌,考官是想了解你是否是一个爱思考的读书人。


I always want to know that whatever they are reading, candidates are reading thoughtfully and self-consciously, and are able to think as literary critics about all the books they read. I am careful to judge them on what they know, not on what they don't know


地理 Geography

▌If I were to visit the area where you live, what would I be interested in?


✩ 解答提示:这道题考查的是你的“地理思维”以及对世界的好奇心。


The question probes whether they are able to apply ‘geographical thinking' to the everyday landscapes around them. It reveals the extent to which they have a curiosity about the world around them.


历史 History

▌Is violence always political?  Does 'political' mean something different in different contexts?


✩ 解答提示:此题并非考查问题的解决,而是发现考生对已知领域的兴趣。


A good candidate would, with assistance, begin to construct categories of when violence looks more and less political.  A very good candidate would, with assistance, begin to construct a useful definition of 'political', but this is challenging. 


法律 Law

▌If the punishment for parking on double yellow lines were death, and therefore nobody did it, would that be a just and effective law?



✩ 解答提示:结果不重要,对结果引发问题的思考才是考官们最看重的。


Candidates are not meant to give a right or wrong answer to this question.  They need to demonstrate that they have recognised the various issues that arise.  The candidate who distinguishes between 'just' and 'effective' does best.  The issues are different once that distinction is made.  A just law might not be effective, or vice versa.


材料科学 Materials Science

▌How hot does the air have to be in a hot air balloon if I wanted to use it to lift an elephant?



✩ 解答提示:教授们设置这道题,肯定不是为了在很短时间内让你给出一个确切的答案。


Things we are looking for include how readily they can see into the core of a problem; how they respond to hints and suggestions from us; estimates (typical size of balloon, weight of elephant) and sorting out what's important...


现代语言学 Modern Languages

▌Should poetry be difficult to understand?



✩ 解答提示:当你谈到自己曾读过的一些文学作品时,教授们可能会问你这个问题。但它并没有固定答案,主要想探探你对文学的兴趣。


We don't expect a single correct answer to such a question; it's a starting point for a new direction of discussion: what sorts of 'difficulties' might we have in mind? Are these specific to poetry or do they also feature in other types of writing?


What we want to know isn't that they've read a certain number of texts to prove their interest, but that they have the aptitude for studying texts.


▌In a world where English is a global language, why learn French?


✩ 解答提示:这个问题看似简单,实际大有深意,你的回答,会影响老师们接下来的问题。


Given the nature of the Modern Languages course, I would be interested in responses about the French language as a 'window' into French culture/literature/history, etc.; but would also be happy to see candidates investigate some of the assumptions underlying the question: Is English a global language? What about Mandarin Chinese, Spanish, etc.? 


经济学 Economics

▌Why is income per head between 50 and 100 times larger in the United States than in countries such as Burundi and Malawi?


✩ 解答提示:回答这个问题时,不能停留在问题表面,而要学会透过现象看本质。


The question is focused on perhaps the most important economic question there is: why are some countries rich and some countries poor? Candidates need to think about all the potential reasons why such income gaps exist. 


哲学 Philosophy

▌What exactly do you think is involved in blaming someone?

 

✩ 解答提示:这是一道考查点很全面的问题。


Questions like this help draw out a candidate’s ability to think carefully and precisely about a familiar concept, evaluating proposals, coming up with counter-examples, disentangling considerations, and being creative in proposing alternative approaches.


心理学 Psychology

▌A large study appears to show that older siblings consistently score higher than younger siblings on IQ tests. Why would this be?



✩ 解答提示:这个问题也需要综合考虑很多因素,比如:出生顺序、母亲的生育年龄、父母是否专注陪伴等。


This is a question that really asks students to think about lots of different aspects of psychology, and we guide students when discussing it to think about both scientific factors such as maternal age and observational analysis about how birth order might affect behaviour and therefore performance on IQ tests.


▌An experiment appears to suggest Welsh speakers are worse at remembering phone numbers than English speakers. Why?


✩ 解答提示:这个问题非常有趣,其实是对威尔士语和英语的讨论。


The key point is that numbers are spelled differently and are longer in Welsh than in English, and it turns out that memory (and arithmetic) depend on how easily pronounced the words are.


This basic question can then lead to interesting discussion about the role of language in other cognitive abilities, such as memory or maths.


I hope that it engages candidates' intuitions that Welsh people aren't simply less clever than English people! 


▌Why do human beings have two eyes?


✩ 解答提示:这个问题看似无从下手,但其实有很多回答方向。


It can develop in a number of different directions, partly depending upon the knowledge and expertise of the interviewee. For example, two eyes are important for three-dimensional (3D) vision.  


神学和宗教 Theology and Religion

▌Is someone who risks their own life (and those of others) in extreme sports or endurance activities a hero or a fool?



✩ 解答提示:如何把具体的问题和一个相对广泛的概念联系在一起,如何探索出更多值得谈论的问题是老师们想要看到的闪光点。


The question is properly approached from many perspectives and opens up many topics – Is this impulse selfish, or does it contribute to the whole of humanity's attainment? What is a hero, and is that category in opposition to folly? 

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